Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT focuses on the way people think ("cognitive") and acts ("behavioural"). The concept behind CBT is that our thoughts about a situation affect how we feel (emotionally and physically) and how we behave in that situation. As human beings, we give meaning to events that are happening around us. However, we often do not realize that two people can give two very different meanings to the same event. CBT is a research-based treatment for many mental health disorders, including anxiety-related disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders and many other mental health concerns.
Cognitive Processing Therapy:
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a specific type of cognitive-behavioural therapy that has been effective in reducing symptoms of PTSD that have developed after experiencing a variety of traumatic events. CPT is generally delivered over 12 sessions and helps clients learn how to challenge and modify unhelpful beliefs related to the trauma. The client creates a new understanding of the traumatic event to reduce its ongoing adverse effects on current life. This treatment is strongly recommended for the treatment of PTSD.
Solution Focused Therapy:
Solution-focused therapy is a humanistic therapy, which focuses on self-development, growth and responsibility. This approach is based on solution-building rather than problem-solving. Although it acknowledges present problems and past causes, it mainly explores the client’s current resources and future hopes. Solution Focused Therapy can help clients to look forward and use their strengths to achieve their goals.
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing Therapy
Traumatic events like an accident, natural disaster, war, violence or abuse, are so overwhelming that our memories are not stored properly; they remain unprocessed and are not filed away. As a result, these memories are easily accessible, and more things can trigger the traumatic memory, causing it to ‘replay.’ This means that individuals keep reliving the distress they have experienced. The mind can often process daily emotional experiences and heal naturally during sleep, particularly during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Where a traumatic experience or event occurs, this natural healing process may not always take place. EMDR offers a therapeutic way of dealing with feelings and emotions that we have held on to. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an interactive psychotherapy technique used to relieve psychological stress. It is an effective treatment for trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
During EMDR therapy sessions, you relive traumatic or triggering experiences in brief doses while the therapist directs your eye movements.
Acceptance Commitment Therapy:
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) stems from cognitive behavioural therapy. Clients learn to stop avoiding, denying, and struggling with their intense emotions. Instead, they try to accept that these deeper feelings are appropriate responses to certain situations that should not prevent them from moving forward in their lives. ACT has been used effectively to treat chronic pain, diabetes, substance use, psychosis, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety and workplace stress.